Legal records from the early Middle Ages show that a serf’s ‘freedom’ was contingent upon the serf paying his or her ‘dues’. ‘Contingent freedom’ is a contradiction in terms. For the former owners of slaves, serfdom was a large economic step forward. The owners were no longer required to feed, clothe or house the serfs, but they still got their ‘cut’ of the fruits of the serf’s labour. It is true that serfs could hold property, but they could not OWN it. The situation is the same today, in the United States, in Europe, in Australia. Anyone living there can discover this by the simple means of NOT paying the local taxes. Should they do so, their so-called ‘private property’ is confiscated and sold at auction to pay their ‘dues’. The existence of the income tax precludes the right of property. For most of us, our lives have become the productive property of ‘others’.