The reason government favors a loose monetary policy, a discretionary rule at the Fed, and ongoing low-grade inflation is the most obvious one of all. It pays the bills. In other words, the reason is no different from that of private counterfeiting. They like to have money without having to work to get it. That is essentially what the Federal Reserve provides the government. It doesn’t have to worry about its bond rating collapsing or its credit standing falling. It doesn’t have to bother with taxing people. It can hide the costs of government in the complications associated with monetary affairs.